Santiago Calatrava the Autopoiesis of Architecture
Photo Documentary about Santiago Calatrava´s Architectural Complex at The City of Arts and Sciences of Valencia
- Text about The City of Arts and Sciences from Wikipedia
- Text about Calatrava from Wikipedia
CALATRAVA: THE DIALECTIC BETWEEN STRUCTURE AND HARMONY
The City of Arts and Sciences (Valencian: Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències, Spanish: Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias) is an entertainment-based cultural and architectural complex in the city of Valencia, Spain. It is the most important modern tourist destination in the city of Valencia.
The City of the Arts and the Sciences is situated at the end of the old riverbed Turia. Turia became a garden in 1980, after the bypass of the river by the great flood of Valencia in 1957.
Designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela, the project underwent the first stages of construction in July, 1996 and the finished “city” was inaugurated April 16, 1998 with the opening of L’Hemisfèric. The last great component of the City of the Arts and the Sciences, El Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía, was presented in October 9, 2005, Valencian Community Day.
The complex is made up of the following buildings, in order of their inauguration:
- L’Hemisfèric — an Imax Cinema, Planetarium and Laserium. Built in the shape of the eye and has an approximate surface of 13,000 m².
- El Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe — an interactive museum of science but resembling the skeleton of a whale. It occupies around 40,000 m² on three flats.
- L’Umbracle — a landscaped walk with plant species indigenous to Valencia (such as rockrose, lentisca, romero, lavender, honeysuckle, bougainvillea, palm tree). It harbors in its interior The Walk of the Sculptures, an outdoor art gallery with sculptures from contemporary artists. (Miquel from Navarre, Francesc Abbot, Yoko Ono and others).
- L’Oceanogràfic — an open-air oceanographic park. It is the largest oceanographic aquarium in Europe with 110,000 square meters and 42 million liters of water. It was built in the shape of a water lily and is the work of architect Félix Candela.
- El Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía — an opera house and performing arts center. It contains four large rooms: a Main Room, Magisterial Classroom, Amphitheater and Theater of Camera. It is dedicated to music and the scenic arts.
- El Puente de l’Assut de l’Or — a bridge that connects the south side with Minorca Street, whose 125 meters high pillar is the highest point in the city.
- L’Àgora — a covered plaza in which concerts and sporting events (such as the Valencia Open 500) are held.
- The Valencia Towers — forming part of a project of the construction of three skyscrapers of 308, 266 and 220 m. The project has been put on hold and the possibilities that it will be finished are seen by many as doubtful.
Links related to Santiago Calatrava the Autopoiesis of Architecture:
- Santiago Calatrava the Autopoiesis of Architecture 2
- Santiago Calatrava the Autopoiesis of Architecture 3
- Antoni Gaudi The Architect of Nature Part 1
- Gothic Convent and Cloister