Philosophia Botanica and Linnaeus

Linnaeus classification of Botanist

Due to the importance of his work for the study of Botany I decide to offer some extracts from Carl Linnaeus work Philosophia Botanica published in 1751.The text is offered in the original latin accompanied by an english translation.

Linnaeus Classification of Botanists. The Collectors / The Fathers of Botany

7. BOTANICI (veri 6) ex fundamento genuino Botanicam (4) intelligunt. & vegetabilia (2) omnia nomine intelligibili nominare fciant; funt hi vel Collectores (8) vel Methodici (18)

  • Fundamenta botanica
  • Systema naturae
  • Genera plantarum
  • Classes plantarum

(translation)

7. Botanist must have a deep and real understanding of botany; they should know how to name vegetable with intelligible names;  they are classify as Collectors or Methodizers

As described and explained in my works:

  • Fundamenta botanica
  • Systema naturae
  • Genera plantarum
  • Classes plantarum

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8. COLLECTORES (7) denumero fpecierum Vegetabilium primario folliciti fuere: funt hi Patres (9) Commentatores (10), Ichniographi (11) Defscriptores (12), Monographi (13), Curiosi (14), Adonides (15), Floriflae (16), Peregrinatores (17).

(translation)

8. Collectors botanists are concerned primarily with the number of species of vegetables as they can be subdivided into the Fathers, Commentators, Illustrators, Describers, Monographers, The Meticulous, Adonises, Compilers of Flora and Travellers.

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9. PATRES (8) Botanices prima rudimenta depofuerunt.

Fata:

  • Graeci nb Aegyptiis, hi a Chaldaeis.
  • Romani devicto Pompejo ad Actium.
  • Gotbi sec. IV; Longobardi sec. V. Romam devastant.
  • Arabes sec. VI. Aegyptum, sec. VII Hispaniam intrant.
  • Maroccae sec. X!. Rex Calipha.

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GRAECI ante Christum natum fioruere:

  • Hippocrates Parens Medicinae, secul. 5:t o ante Chr.
  • Aristoteles Princeps Peripatheticorum, sec. 4: to.
  • Theophrastus Parens Botanices, sec. 3: tio.
  • Xenophon Atheniensis, sec. 2: do

ROMANI primis seculis aerae Christianae:

  • Cato sub Julio Caesare, a. ante Chr. 149
  • Varro sub Augusto. a. ante Chr. 62
  • Virgilius sub Augusto. a. ante Chr. 70
  • Columella sub Claudio
  • Plinius sub Tiberio ad Titum
  • Dioscorides sub Nerone
  • Rufus sub Trajano
  • Palladius sub Antonio Pio

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ASIATICI:

  • Galenus Pergamensis vixit Romae a. 133.
  • Orifabius Pergamensis Quaestor Juliani
  • Aeritus Amidenus, sub Constantino & Theodosio
  • Aegineta (Paulus) sub Constantino pogonato

ARABES:

  • Mesue, Nilsaburensis, Seculi octavi fine
  • Serapio filius Jobantis, Medicus
  • Razis natus Raj Perfiae, circa 920
  • Avicenna e Boccharet Perfiae, Medicus, circa 1030
  • Averrhoes e Corduba Hispaniae, circa sec. XL
  • Avenzoar, circa 1150
  • Abenguesit, Medicus, Arabus, seculo XIL

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(translation)

9. FATHERS and the first rudiments of Botany:

Events:

  • Greeks learnt from  Egyptians; the Egyptians from the Chaldaeans
  • The Romans after defeat of Pompey at Actium
  • The Goths sack Rome, 4th Cent; the Lombards, 5th Cent
  • The Arabs invade Egypt, 6th Cent; and Spain, 7th Cent
  • Calipha, King og Morocco, 11th Cent

The GREEKS: flourished before Christ

  • Hippocrates, the father of medicine, 5th Cent. BC.
  • Aristotle, peripatetic, 4th. Cent.
  • Theophrastus, The Father of Botany, 3rd. Cent
  • Xenophon of Athens, 2nd Cent.

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The ROMANS: early centuries of the Christian era

  • Cato under Julius Caesar, 149 BC
  • Varro under Augustus, 62 BC
  • Virgil under Augustus, 70 BC
  • Columella under Claudius
  • Pliny from Tiberius to Titus
  • Dioscorides under Nero
  • Rufus under Trajan
  • Palladius under Antoninus Pius

ASIATICS:

  • Galen of Pergamum lived in Rome, 133.
  • Oribasius of Pergamum, Julian´s accountant
  • Aetius of Amida, under Constantine and Theodosius
  • Paulus Aegineta, under Constantine Pogonatus.

ARABS:

  • Mesueh of Nishapur, end of 8th century
  • Serapio, son of John, physician
  • Rhazes, originally of Rayy in Persia, c. 920
  • Avicenna, from Bukhara in Persia, physician, c. 1030
  • Averroes, from Cordoba in Spain, 11th Cent
  • Avenzoar, c. 1150
  • Abvenguefit, physician, Arab, 12th  Cent

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