Parterre Garden of Aranjuez Part 1
Along the east facade of the Palacio Real, stands the Parterre Garden, built by FelipeV fielder Esteban Boutelou French in 1727 and planted in 1746. At its north side into the river gives Tajo, while its eastern and southern side, from the bridge to the archesBoats Palace, flanked by a moat of stone and iron railing flower vases on pedestals,created in 1762 by Charles III. The main entrance to the garden is done through twocheckpoints of stonework.
Apart from the many flowers and trees of all kinds of garden include three sources: theHercules and Antaeus, the Ceres (previously located in the Prince’s Garden) and the Nereids.
Hercules and Antaeus Fountains:
The Fountain of Hercules and Antaeus, the most spectacular in the garden, was commissioned to the architect Isidro González Velázquez and the sculptor JohnAdam by Fernando VII in 1827. Its original location was provided at the back of theCasa del Labrador, in the Prince’s Garden, but eventually stood in the parterre. On thecentral pillar are the statues of Hercules, holding in his strong arms and liftingAntaeus soil. At the base of the pillar, there is a niche that represents the infant Hercules grappling with a snake and a python up. There are also several trophies as a testament to the power of the mythological hero in his Twelve Labors: A deer, a bull,a lion and several snakes.
At the ends of the source, which is oval, there are two columns with the words Avila, and Calpe, and the legend Non plus ultra. Finally, the edge of the pool is adornedwith several vases of flowers, made of lead and painted marble. This source is builton the previous source of the Tagus, where the river was represented by an old mansitting on a bundle of thorns, he held a snake.
Garden of the Statues:
At the western end of the Parterre Garden, a small square square on the south side of the Palacio Real, is the Garden of Statues, the 14 marble busts of Roman emperors, kings of Spain and characters of antiquity, placed on as many niches in the wall. It is also called King’s Garden, by Philip II, who ordered its construction. The King himselfis here a life-size bust, armed and mesh dimension. The medallions of Carlos I and Isabel of Portugal, which once surrounded the statue of his son, were finally taken to the Prado Museum in 1869, where they remain today. The statues are from the time of Philip IV.
1. Ceres Fountain (wikipedia source)
In ancient Roman religion, Ceres was a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships. Her cult took many forms. She was the central deity in Rome’s so-called plebeian or Aventine Triad, and was paired with her daughter Proserpina in what Romans described as “the Greek rites of Ceres”. She played an essential role in Roman marriage and in funeral rites. Her seven-day April festival of Cerealia included the popular Ludi Ceriales (Ceres’ games). She was honoured in the May lustration of fields at the Ambarvalia festival, and at harvest-time. She is the only one of Rome’s many agricultural deities to be listed among the Di Consentes, Rome’s equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. Her functions and cults were held equivalent to those of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology she came to share.
2. Nereida Fountain, Thetis (wikipedia source):
Silver-footed Thetis (Ancient Greek: Θέτις), disposer or “placer” (the one who places), is encountered in Greek mythology mostly as a sea nymph or known as the goddess of water, one of the fifty Nereids, daughters of the ancient one of the seas with shape-shifting abilities who survives in the historical vestiges of most later Greek myths as Proteus (whose name suggests the “first”, the “primordial” or the “firstborn”).
When described as a Nereid in Classical myths, Thetis was the daughter of Nereus and Doris (Hesiod, Theogony), and a granddaughter of Tethys with whom she sometimes shares characteristics. Often she seems to lead the Nereids as they attend to her tasks. Sometimes she also is identified with Metis.
It is likely, however, that she was one of the earliest of deities worshiped in Archaic Greece, the oral traditions and records of which are lost. Only one written record, a fragment, exists attesting to her worship and an early Alcman hymn exists that identifies Thetis as the creator of the universe. Worship of Thetis as the goddess is documented to have persisted in some regions by historical writers such as Pausanias.
Links related to Parterre Garden of Aranjuez:
- Saint Charles Municipal Hospital Aranjuez
- Saint Anthony Royal Church Aranjuez
- Intro to Parterre Gardens Aranjuez